This always precious day of mournful memory is linked in 2022 to the 80th anniversary of the event that gave birth to all that unutterable sadness: the Wannsee Conference of 1942. In an otherwise innocuous building you can visit anytime you are in Berlin, a handful of men, over cakes and liqueur, devised the “Final Solution”. It took them around two days, well heated and protected from the ice and snow outdoors, to list mechanically their estimates of how many Jews lived in Europe’s various countries and how these Jews might be – though their written minutes never use the word itself – exterminated. They already knew of the bullet-to-head methods used in newly conquered eastern Europe against defenseless men, women, and children. But this would be extermination on a grand scale.

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Cardozo Law Institute in Holocaust and Human Rights (CLIHHR)


Human Rights Law | International Humanitarian Law | Law and Society | Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility | Legal History