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It is a truism that agency organizational charts are at least in part aspirational or idealized. The political appointees at the top lack perfect control over the career employees beneath them in the hierarchy. When all are rowing in the same direction, such agency costs matter little and may go unnoticed. But suppose they are not. What if they barely perceive themselves as in the same boat?
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Administrative Law | Jurisprudence | Law and Politics
Herz, Michael E., "Gandhis of the Deep State" (2019). Online Publications. 46.