Document Type

Blog Post

Publication Date


Graduation Year



Colombia has endured a nearly 60-year-long internal conflict between paramilitary groups, and allegedly its own military, costing the lives of countless civilians and setting the country’s post-colonial development back decades. Former Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating a four-year-long deal with paramilitary groups that terrorized–mainly rural and indigent–neighborhoods for decades. However, many critics thought the award was premature, considering the nearly half a million deaths as a result and the impunity of human-rights offenders. Current struggles in the country prove that those critics may have been likely right.

This post was originally published on the Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution website on November 6, 2023. The original post can be accessed via the Archived Link button above.