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The governments of Israel and Lebanon have reached a historic U.S.-mediated agreement, putatively putting an end to the countries’ decades-long dispute over their maritime borders and related disputes over access to lucrative natural resources in the Eastern Mediterranean. The agreement definitively settles the neighboring countries’ maritime boundary, leaving the Karish natural gas field within Israel’s territorial waters and the Qana natural gas field mostly within Lebanon’s territorial waters, with a small portion extending into Israeli waters. Lebanon will pay royalties to Israel on revenues from the Qana field.

This post was originally published on the Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution website on March 14, 2023. The original post can be accessed via the Archived Link button above.