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Lifetime employment used to be the norm in Japan. Workers who are “regular” lifetime employees receive a livable salary, great benefits, a retirement pension as well as protections from termination. “non-regular” workers are workers who aren’t lifetime employees. They have increased rapidly since the 1990s when Japan’s economy faced a significant downturn, and then again in the following decade during the global 2008 recession. The population of non-regular employees has grown from 8.8 million (20% of all workers) in 1990 to 21.6 million (38% of all workers) in 2019, almost doubling in that 30 year range.

This post was originally published on the Cardozo International & Comparative Law Review on October 27, 2022. The original post can be accessed via the Archived Link button above.

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