On February 14, 2022, Canadian Prime Minster Justin Trudeau invoked the Emergencies Act in response to civil unrest in the country. The Emergencies Act is a federal law of Canada which provides the government substantial powers in the event of a national emergency. The Emergencies Act cannot be invoked unless there exists a national emergency as defined in the statute. The statute defines a national emergency as “an urgent and critical situation of a temporary nature that (a) seriously endangers the lives, health, or safety of Canadians” or “(b) seriously threatens the ability of the Government of Canada to preserve the sovereignty, security, and territorial integrity of Canada.
This post was originally published on the Cardozo International & Comparative Law Review on April 20, 2022. The original post can be accessed via the Archived Link button above.
Zarka, Justin, "Canada’s Emergencies Act: Responding to the Blockade of an International Border" (2022). CICLR Online. 47.