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China is both the world’s largest producer and importer of cotton. Until 2020, China was also the largest source of garment imports into the United States. Most of China’s cotton is produced in the Xinjiang region of China. However, human rights organizations and officials of the United States have declared that many of the cotton field factories in that region have been using forced labor from Uyghurs imprisoned in the region’s internment camps. On December 23, 2021, President Joe Biden signed into law the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, which barred products made from forced labor in China's Xinjiang region from being imported into the United States.

This post was originally published on the Cardozo International & Comparative Law Review on April 1, 2022. The original post can be accessed via the Archived Link button above.

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