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Since September 1, 2020, Austrian survivors of Nazi persecution and their descendants have been able to gain Austrian citizenship,allowing Austria to join a handful of other European countries in inviting back the Jewish communities that they once mistreated. Austriawas once home to thriving Jewish communities, but now only contains a fraction of its former Jewish population. In January of 1938, two months before Nazi Germany invaded Austria, there were approximately 190,000 Jews in Austria’s Jewish communities. Only about 120,000 of these Austrian Jews survived the Holocaust, and by December of 1945, eight months after Nazi Germany surrendered to the Allied Forces, there were only about four thousand Jews in Austria. Today, between nine thousand and fifteen thousand Jews reside there.

This post was originally published on the Cardozo International & Comparative Law Review website on September 21, 2020. The original post can be accessed via the Archived Link button above.

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