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Public transportation is the foundation of modern cities across the globe. Cities such as New York City expanded rapidly after the advent of the subway in particular, as the flat riding fee enabled residents to move out of tenements to the outer boroughs. However, many transit systems were built decades ago, and cities everywhere are looking to modernize their systems. As transit authorities meet to discuss different possibilities, reforming the way riders pay their fare is a top priority. Currently many American mass transit systems utilize reusable cards you either tap or swipe at a turnstile. Conversely, many European mass transit systems, such as the London Underground, have moved to a system where riders can use their smart phone or a contactless credit/debit card to pay their fare directly. Over the past decade, some American cities have attempted to implement contactless payment systems with Chicago being the first major system to support both contactless credit/debit card and smart phone payment at the turnstile. Following recent criticism of the New York City Subway system, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) voted on October 20, 2017 to approve a $573 million dollar plan that will modernize the MTA in a similar way.

This post was originally published on the Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal website on November 7, 2017. The original post can be accessed via the Archived Link button above.

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